Bartini Flying Car Bartini Zhukovski, Russia www.bartini.aero Startup Bartini unveiled its eVTOL concept in July 2017, announcing that it is working on two variants — a 2-seater and 4-seater — with the intention of providing an air taxi service. The company is named for the Italian-Soviet aircraft designer Robert Bartini who discovered the “Bartini Effect” — which is the increase in thrust created by mounting co-axial counter-rotating thrusters within a nacelle. The company has built an unmanned 50% prototype to prove that rotating ducted thrusters, in conjunction with the aircraft’s aerodynamic shaping, reduces power consumption in cruise; the model is expected to fly in 2018. In addition, Bartini plans to launch the aircraft with a demonstration flight with the 2-seat version by the end of 2018, followed by a possible 4-seater in 2020. The company is also considering hydrogen fuel-cells for the future, which would give it a 4x range increase. According to the Bartini White Paper: “Technology and configuration (coaxial variable pitch propellers in a quad copter convertiplane with aerodynamics of the carrying wing, patented) decrease power consumption up to seven times and ensure long-distance flights at altitudes comparable to small helicopters or airplanes. Expected market price may stay within [$120k, per Bartini] due to the absence of complex components, wings, ailerons, chassis, moving airframe parts, as well as simple assembly processes. High degree of body-shape variability within the aerodynamic solution, no need for takeoff/landing infrastructure, safety due to 8 motors and coaxial propellers in 4 engine groups and human-factor reduction, noise-levels within urban regulation.” The startup was founded in 2015, and is currently represented by a Delaware, US corporation Bartini, Inc. Its research and development (R&D) center is based in Zhukovskiy, an aviation engineers’ city on the southern outskirts of Moscow, Russia. The initial funding has come from angel investors; it is part of the Blockchain.aero consortium. The Blockchain.aero consortium is the union of 10 companies (and growing) united by the goal to provide technology solutions to the emerging market of city air taxi. It is also a Technology unit for McFly.aero Technology and Business Incubator for air taxi and mass urban aviation, whose task is to incubate developers of air taxi engaged in designing eVTOLs, automation of charging, maintenance and parking of flying cars. It aims at facilitating businesses that sell urban passenger transportation, as well as related products, technologies and services along the end-to-end supply chain: starting with R&D for aerial vehicles components and ending at “retail outlets” — landing pads and mobile apps. Bartini Characteristics (updated August 2017) Seats 4 Width overall 14.8 ft 4.5 m Length overall 17.1 ft 5.2 m Height overall 5.6 ft 1.7 m Range ~93 miles 150 km (up to 550 km)* Payload 882 lb 400 kg Take-off weight 2425 lb 1,100 kg Max altitude above ground 3300 ft 1000 m Cruising speed ~186 mph 300 km/h Disc loading 26.9 lb/ft2 146 kg/m2 Battery weight 705 lb 320 kg Battery density 200 Wh/kg (up to 700 Wh/kg)* Battery capacity 64 kWh (up to 224 …
More than 100 VTOL companies and organizations have joined the Vertical Flight Society. The following 50+ organizations are VFS corporate members engaged in electric VTOL development. Please go to www.vtol.org/corporate to be part of the world’s largest organization supporting vertical flight technology. Aircraft Developers A³ by Airbus 225 W Santa Clara St, San Jose, CA 95113 www.vahana.aero Aircraft: Vahana Airbus Helicopters F-13725 Marignane Cedex, Aéroport International Marseille-Provence, France www.airbus.com Aircraft: Airbus CityAirbus, Pop.Up Next Airspace Experience Technologies, LLC 11499 Conner Street, Detroit, Michigan 48213 USA www.asx.us Aircraft: AirspaceX MOBi Aurora Flight Sciences 9950 Wakeman Drive, Manassas, Virginia 20110 USA www.aurora.aero Aircraft: Aurora eVTOL AutoflightX GmbH Friedrichshafener Str. 1, Gilching 82205 Germany www.autoflightx.com Aircraft: AutoFlightX BAT600 Bartini, Inc. 19421 Phil Lane, Cupertino, California 95014 USA www.bartini.aero Aircraft: Bartini Flying Car Bell 3255 Bell Flight Boulevard, Fort Worth, Texas 76118 USA www.bellflight.com Aircraft: Bell Nexus Boeing Company 100 North Riverside, Chicago, Illinois, 60606 USA www.boeing.com Aircraft: Boeing Cargo Aerial Vehicle Carter Aviation Technologies, LLC 2730 Commerce Street, Suite 600, Wichita Falls, Texas 76301 USA www.cartercopters.com Aircraft: Carter Aviation Air Taxi Kitty Hawk Corporation 2700 Broderick Way, Mountain View, California 94043 USA www.kittyhawk.aero Aircraft: Kitty Hawk Cora, Kitty Hawk Flyer Jaunt Air Mobility, LLC www.jauntairmobility.com Aircraft: Jaunt Joby Aviation 340 Woodpecker Ridge, Santa Cruz, California 95060 USA www.jobyaviation.com Aircraft: Joby S4 Karem Aircraft, Inc. 1 Capital Drive, Lake Forest, California 92630 USA www.karemaircraft.com Aircraft: Karem Butterfly Leonardo Helicopters 3050 Red Lion Road, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19114 USA www.leonardocompany.com Aircraft: AgustaWestland Project Zero (defunct) * Formerly AgustaWestland. Lilium GmbH Gilching, Bavaria 82205 Germany www.lilium.com Aircraft: Lilium Jet Neoptera Aero Ltd 24 Rock Lane, Stoke Gifford, Bristol BS348PF United Kingdom neoptera.aero Aircraft: Neoptera eOpter NFT Inc. 4653 Table Mountain Drive, Golden, Colorado 80403 USA www.nftinc.com Aircraft: NFT eVTOL Piasecki Aircraft Corporation Second Street West, PO Box 360, Essington, Pennsylvania 19029-0360 USA www.piasecki.com Aircraft: Piasecki eVTOL Pipistrel Vertical Solutions d.o.o. Vipavska cesta 2, Ajdovscina 5270 Slovenia www.pipistrel.si Aircraft: Pipistrel Sabrewing Aircraft Company, Inc. 275 Durley Avenue, Unit H-3, Hangar 2, Camarillo Airport, Camarillo, California 93010 USA www.sabrewingaircraft.com Aircraft: Sabrewing Draco-2 UAS Sikorsky, A Lockheed Martin Company 6900 Main Street, Stratford, Connecticut 06601 USA www.lockheedmartin.com Aircraft: Sikorsky VERT Skyworks Global 9980 South 300 West, Suite 200, Salt Lake City, Utah 84070 USA www.skyworks-global.com Terrafugia, Inc. 23 Rainin Road, Woburn, Massachusetts 01801 USA www.terrafugia.com Aircraft: Terrafugia TF-X Top Flight Technologies 109 Madison Street, Malden, Massachusetts 02148 USA www.tflighttech.com Aircraft: Airborg™ H8 10K Uber 1455 Market Street, Suite 400, San Francisco, California 94103 USA www.uber.com Urban Aeronautics Ltd. 10 Nahal Snir Street, P.O.Box 13137, Yavne 81224 Israel www.urbanaero.com Aircraft: Urban Aeronautics CityHawk Volocopter Zeiloch 20, 76646 Bruchsal Germany www.volocopter.com Aircraft: Volocopter VC200, Volocopter 2X XTI Aircraft Co. 13000 East Control Tower Road, Englewood, Colorado 80112 USA www.xtiaircraft.com Aircraft: XTI Aircraft TriFan 600 Analysis & Simulation Advanced Rotorcraft Technology, Inc. 635 Vaqueros Avenue, Sunnyvale, California 94085 USA www.flightlab.com Aerotim Engineering Ltd. Silikon Blok, ZK. No:16, ODTU-Teknokent, Ankara, Çankaya 06800 Turkey www.aerotim.com Altair 1820 E. Big Beaver Road, Troy, Michigan 48083 USA www.web.altair.com Continuum Dynamics, …
eVTOL Corporate Members Our corporate members have an unprecedented opportunity to network and engage with all levels of the rotorcraft technical community, including industry, academia, and government. A³ Vahana AgustaWestland Project Zero (defunct) Airbus CityAirbus AirspaceX MOBi Aurora eVTOL Aurora LightningStrike (defunct) Bartini Flying Car Bell Air Taxi Boeing Cargo Aerial Vehicle Carter Air Taxi Joby Lotus (defunct) Joby S2 (defunct) Joby S4 Karem Butterfly Kitty Hawk Cora Kitty Hawk Flyer Kitty Hawk Flyer (defunct prototype) Lilium Jet Piasecki eVTOL Pipistrel (unnamed) Pop.Up Next Rolls-Royce EVTOL Sikorsky Firefly (defunct) Sikorsky VERT Terrafugia TF-2 Lift + Push Terrafugia TF-2 Tiltrotor Terrafugia TF-X Urban Aeronautics CityHawk Volocopter 2X Volocopter VC1/VC2 (defunct prototypes) Volocopter VC200 XTI Aircraft TriFan 600 Zee Aero Z-P2 Zenith Altitude EOPA Don’t see your company on this list? Join as a corporate member!
Autonomous All eVTOL aircraft that can operate without a pilot Aergility ATLIS AeroMobil 5.0 AgustaWestland Project Zero (defunct) Airbus CityAirbus AirisOne AirspaceX MOBi Aston Martin Volante Astro AA360 (Passenger Drone) Aurora eVTOL Aurora LightningStrike (defunct) AutoFlightX BAT600 Autonomous Flight Y6S Axix SkyRider SuvA Bartini Flying Car Bell Air Taxi Boeing Cargo Aerial Vehicle Cartivator SkyDrive Davinci ZeroG DeLorean Aerospace DR-7 Digi Robotics DroFire Digi Robotics Droxi Dufour aEro 2 EHang 184 EHang 216 EVA X01 Hoversurf Drone Taxi R-1 Hoversurf Formula Jetoptera J2000 Jetpack Aviation Joby Aviation Lotus (defunct) Joby Aviation S2 (defunct) KARI Optionally Piloted PAV Kenyan Passenger Drone Kitty Hawk Cora LIFT Hexa Lilium Jet Neoptera eOpter PAV-X PAV-X Ultralight PFV Personal Flying Device Piasecki eVTOL Pipistrel (unnamed) Pop.Up Next PteroDynamics Transwing Rolls-Royce EVTOL Sabrewing Draco-2 UAS Samad Starling Jet Sikorsky VERT SKYLYS Aircraft AO VerdeGo Aero PAT200 Vertical Aerospace Vertiia Vimana AAV Vision VTOL Volerian Volocopter 2X Volocopter VC200 VRCO NeoXCraft VTOL Aviation Abhiyaan Zee Aero Z-P2 Zenith Altitude EOPA View all pages with the tag “Autonomous”
Electric/Batteries All eVTOL aircraft that utilize electric batteries A³ Vahana AeroMobil 5.0 Aeroxo LV ERA Aviabike AgustaWestland Project Zero (defunct) Airbus CityAirbus AirisOne AirspaceX MOBi Alauda Airspeeder Aquinea Volta Astro AA360 (Passenger Drone) Aurora eVTOL AutoFlightX BAT600 Autonomous Flight Y6S Avianovations Hepard Bartini Flying Car Bay Zoltán Flike Boeing Cargo Aerial Vehicle Carter Air Taxi Cartivator SkyDrive chAIR Multicopter CollaborativeBee Mini-Bee Dekatone Flying Car DeLorean Aerospace DR-7 Digi Robotics DroFire Digi Robotics Droxi EAC Whisper EHang 184 EHang 216 Electric Jet EJ-1 Embraer DreamMaker EVA X01 FlytCycle Georgia Tech HummingBuzz Gravity X Hero Flyer Hi-Lite Lynx-us HopFlyt Venturi Hoversurf Drone Taxi R-1 Hoversurf Formula Hoversurf Scorpion JAXA Hornisse Jetpack Aviation Joby Aviation S2 (defunct) Joby Aviation S4 Kalashnikov (unnamed) Karem Butterfly KARI Optionally Piloted PAV Kármán XK-1 Kenyan Passenger Drone Kitty Hawk Cora Kitty Hawk Flyer Kitty Hawk Flyer (defunct prototype) Leap Vantage LIFT Hexa Lilium Jet Malloy Hoverbike ManDrone Napoleon Aero VTOL NASA Puffin Neoptera eOpter Neva AirQuadOne NUS Snowstorm Opener BlackFly Penn State University Blue Sparrow Piasecki eVTOL Pipistrel (unnamed) Pop.Up Next PteroDynamics Transwing Ray Research Dart Flyer Scoop Pegasus 1 Sikorsky Firefly (defunct) Silverwing S1 Sky-Hopper SKYLYS Aircraft AO Solution F Swarm Multicopter teTra 3 Texas A&M University Harmony Tier 1 Robinson R44 Transcend Air Vy 400 Trek Aerospace FlyKart 2 University of Kansas Mamba Varon V200 Vertical Aerospace Vertiia Vision VTOL Volocopter 2X Volocopter VC1/VC2 (defunct prototypes) Volocopter VC200 Voyzon Aerospace e-VOTO VRCO NeoXCraft Zee Aero Z-P2 Zenith Altitude EOPA View all pages with the tag “Electric/Batteries”
4 Passengers All eVTOL aircraft that carry four passengers AeroMobil 5.0 Airbus CityAirbus AirspaceX MOBi Bartini Flying Car Davinci ZeroG HopFlyt Venturi Joby Aviation S4 Moller Skycar M400 Napoleon Aero VTOL PteroDynamics Transwing Terrafugia TF-2 Lift + Push Terrafugia TF-2 Tiltrotor Terrafugia TF-X Vertical Aerospace Vickers WAVE eVTOL Vimana AAV View all pages with the tag “4 Passengers”
2 Passengers All eVTOL aircraft that carry two passengers A³ Vahana Astro AA360 (Passenger Drone) Aurora eVTOL AutoFlightX BAT600 Autonomous Flight Y6S Avianovations Hepard Bartini Flying Car Bell Air Taxi CollaborativeBee Mini-Bee Dekatone Flying Car DeLorean Aerospace DR-7 Digi Robotics Droxi Dufour aEro 2 EAC Whisper EHang 216 EVA X01 JAXA Hornisse Jetoptera J2000 Joby S2 (defunct) Kármán XK-1 Kitty Hawk Cora Lilium Jet Moller Skycar M200 PFV Personal Flying Device Pop.Up Next Sikorsky Firefly (defunct) Tier 1 Robinson R44 Varon V200 VerdeGo Aero PAT200 Vertiia Vision VTOL Volocopter VC200 Voyzon Aerospace e-VOTO VRCO NeoXCraft Workhorse SureFly Zenith Altitude EOPA View all pages with the tag “2 Passengers”
Scaled Prototype All eVTOL aircraft that have been tested at a smaller scale Aergility ATLIS Airbus CityAirbus AirspaceX MOBi Alauda Airspeeder Aurora eVTOL Aurora LightningStrike (defunct) Bartini Flying Car Bay Zoltán Flike Boeing Cargo Aerial Vehicle Cartivator SkyDrive Davinci ZeroG DeLorean Aerospace DR-7 Dufour aEro2 EAC Whisper Electric Jet EJ-1 HopFlyt Venturi JAXA Hornisse Jetoptera J2000 Joby Aviation Lotus (defunct) ManDrone Moller Skycar M200 PteroDynamics Transwing Ray Research Dart Flyer Ray VTOL Aircraft Samad Starling Jet Sikorsky Firefly (defunct) SKYLYS Aircraft AO Talaria Hermes I Transcend Air Vy 400 Urban Aeronautics CityHawk VerdeGo Aero PAT200 Vertical Aerospace Vertiia Vimana AAV View all pages with the tag “Scaled Prototype”
Vectored Thrust An eVTOL aircraft that uses any of its thrusters for lift and cruise A³ Vahana aeroG Aviation aG-4 AgustaWestland Project Zero AirisOne AirspaceX MOBi Aston Martin Volante Aurora Flight Sciences LightningStrike (defunct) Autonomous Flight Y6S Bartini Flying Car Bell Autonomous Pod Transport Bell Nexus Beta Technologies (prototype) CollaborativeBee Mini-Bee DeLorean Aerospace DR-7 Digi Robotics DroFire Digi Robotics Droxi Dufour aEro2 EVA X01 Future Transportation Concept HopFlyt Venturi JAXA Hornisse 2B Jetoptera J2000 Joby Aviation Lotus (defunct) Joby Aviation S2 (defunct) Joby Aviation S4 Karem Butterfly KARI PAV Kronstadt Air Taxi Lilium Jet Moller Skycar M200 Moller Skycar M400 Neoptera eOpter NTF eVTOL Opener BlackFly PteroDynamics Transwing Rolls-Royce EVTOL Sabrewing Draco-2 Sikorsky VERT SKYLYS Aircraft AO Starling Jet Supervolant Pegasus Terrafugia TF-2 Tiltrotor Terrafugia TF-X Transcend Air Vy 400 VerdeGo Aero PAT200 Vertiia Vickers WAVE eVTOL Vimana (unnamed) Vision VTOL Voyzon Aerospace e-VOTO VRCO NeoXCraft VTOL Aviation Abhiyaan XTI Aircraft Trifan 600 Zenith Altitude EOPA Not what you’re looking for? Check out our listing of all eVTOL aircraft!
Is 2020 Really Possible? Sidebars to From the Ground Up: Uber Elevate in 2020 Uber said that by the time flight demonstration programs begin in 2020, they will have to validate that they have mitigated the three biggest risks: efficient flights (airspace acceptance), noise (community acceptance) and safety (passenger acceptance). Note that Uber is not funding the development of the aircraft, but is helping to facilitate connections between investors and developers. Once the companies prove their products can operate within the Elevate network and meet the performance and economic requirements, Uber said it would be ready to put its money down and guarantee production volumes and revenues to justify the certification expense. To make the Uber Elevate vision a reality, the flight demonstrations to begin in 2020 will require: Demonstrator aircraft: More than two dozen organizations are currently researching electric and hybrid-electric eVTOL concepts. At least six are currently conducting full-scale flight tests, while several others are completing their aircraft or flying subscale models. Vertiport infrastructure: Uber is working with charging companies like ChargePoint, as well as Hillwood Properties, one of the largest private real estate developers and investors in the US, to establish vertiports at company-owned sites to conduct the tests with distributed nodes around Dallas-Ft. Worth. Similar efforts are underway for Dubai. Airspace: A key aspect of the Elevate ecosystem is the ability to seamlessly operate in Class B airspace. With high-speed, very quiet aircraft, Uber believes eVTOL aircraft will be able to operate in well-defined corridors linking the vertiports, and avoid the airspace restrictions imposed on ad hoc helicopter operations today. Regulations / Certification: The FAA is considering fixed-wing aircraft that take off vertically to be governed under Part 23 as small aircraft. Uber said it hopes that the new eVTOL aircraft can be certified by 2023, but that it has other ways to test the Elevate network before then. In August 2017, the FAA introduced fundamental changes to Part 23 light aircraft certification rules that are designed to facilitate innovation and reduce certification costs. And EASA recently introduced “proportionality” for light aircraft, where manufacturers are allowed to build up to 10 aircraft prior to certification. The FAA is also considering this approach. Pilots or Autonomy: Uber said it plans to fly piloted aircraft for the first five years or so to guarantee safety and develop a database of safe operations in wide-ranging conditions. For this, Uber may need tens of thousands of pilots. The company is working with groups to hire pilots with prior military aviation experience. eVTOL Companies The following electric VTOL aircraft are known to be under development. These include aircraft for a wide range of missions, not just applicable for Uber’s Elevate mission. Winged (updated Aug. 19, 2017) A³ Vahana AirspaceX MOBi Aurora Flight Sciences eVTOL Aurora Flight Sciences LightningStrike Bell Helicopter (unnamed) Carter Aviation/Mooney CarterCopter DeLorean Aerospace DR-7 Flexcraft (unnamed) HopFlyt (unnamed) HoverSurf Drone Taxi R-1 JAXA Hornisse 2B Joby Aviation S4 Lilium Jet Pipistrel (unnamed) Terrafugia TF-X XTI Aircraft Trifan 600 Zee Aero Z-P1 Wingless (updated Aug. 19, 2017) Airbus Helicopters CityAirbus Bartini …