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Terrafugia Unveils New TF-2

At the National Business Aviation Association Business Aviation Convention & Exhibition (NBAABACE) held Oct. 16–18, 2018 in Orlando, Florida, flying car company Terrafugia announced that it had down-selected to a single approach for its multi-modal passenger and cargo-carrying transportation system. The company was previously considering two approaches for its TF-2 eVTOL aircraft: one with separate lift and thrusting propellers and the other with tilting propellers. The company determined that an aircraft with separate thrusters would be faster to market than the much greater challenges of developing an electric “tiltrotor.”  

Terrafugia TF-2 Lift + Push

Terrafugia TF-2 Lift + Push

TF-2 Lift + Push Terrafugia Woburn, Massachusetts, USA www.terrafugia.com www.terrafugia-tf2.com The TF-2 Lift + Push is a Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) aircraft which will transport exchangeable passenger and cargo pods that become the underside of its fuselage. The Lift + Push has a fixed wing with four vertical propellers, two forward of the wings and two aft on twin booms that become a duel rudder and high stabilizer configuration. A pusher-prop is at the rear of the fuselage and inside the rudder-stabilizer assembly. It employs electric motors. The TF-2 Lift + push will have a speed of 222 km/h and a range of roughly 315-400 km with its maximum payload of 500 kg. It will be autonomous but will have a pilot in the permanent cockpit. The vehicle would carry and swap out streamlined pods that make up a lower fuselage. These pods could carry up to four passengers or cargo. While landed custom trucks (originally hybrid but ultimately fully electric like the TF) with an automated loading and unloading system and carrying pods behind their cabs would exchange pods with the aircraft within two minutes. With the quick transition and no passengers loading or unloading the cost to operate the vehicle is estimated at $400 hr. Terrafugia achieved widespread publicity after its first aircraft in 2009; the fixed-wing Terrafugia Transition was billed as “the world’s first practical flying car”. In late 2017 Terrafugia was acquired by the Chinese company Zhejiang Geely, which also owns the Volvo and Lotus car brands. This injected new capital into the Transition production, allowing acceleration in the company’s eVTOL development. The company is studying two competing concepts under the designation of TF-2. These two different designs are a Vectored Thrust Tiltrotor model and the Lift + Cruise model /. Both are considered to be compatible with the Uber Elevate concept. Completion of the TF-2 is expected in 2023.   Proposed Specifications: Flight Simulation: http://videos.weebly.com/uploads/4/0/5/9/4059119/tf2_v2_edit06_lift_push_806.mp4   Resources: Search eVTOL news posts Website: Terrafugia TF-2 Press Release: Terrafugia Inc: 100-Day Update Since Acquisition by Zhejiang Geely Holding Group, Terrafugia, February 28, 2018 Article: Terrafugia Acquired, eVTOL News, August 23, 2017 Article: Air Mobility Bonanza Beckons Electric VTOL Developers, Vertiflite, March 2017 Article: The Demand for On-Demand Mobility, Vertiflite, Jan 2017 Tags: Terrafugia, Lift + Cruise, Initial Design, 4 Passengers, Electric Hybrid, Piloted, VFS Member

TF-X Front View

Terrafugia TF-X

TF-X Terrafugia Woburn, Massachusetts, USA www.terrafugia.com Terrafugia achieved widespread publicity after its first aircraft in 2009; the fixed-wing Terrafugia Transition is “the world’s first practical flying car” and the company is now ramping up for production in 2019. In May 2013, Terrafugia unveiled its vision for a four-seat VTOL plug-in hybrid-electric flying car, calling it the TF-X. The company revised the outer mold line (OML) in July 2015, steering the design away from the “open-grill” appearance of the Transition; a one-tenth scale wind tunnel test model of the TF-X, based on the new OML, was displayed that month at AirVenture in Oshkosh, Wisconsin. In late 2015, Terrafugia received a Section 333 exemption from the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to begin to flight test a one-tenth scale TF-X vehicle (approximately 2 ft, or 60 cm, long). An exemption from the FAA was necessary at that time in order to conduct commercial research and development flying a small unmanned aircraft system (sUAS). In February 2016, Terrafugia announced that it had completed static load testing of one-tenth scale carbon fiber wings. The original concept, the TF-X, was a hybrid-electric tilt propeller “flying car.” For high-speed forward flight, the TF-X would fold back the blades and tuck the wings and propellers into the sides of the fuselage, using a large ducted fan at the rear for thrust.  The company noted at the time that “Terrafugia’s vision for the future is the TF-X: a mass-market flying car with the potential to revolutionize the way we all get around. An all-electric vehicle with vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) capabilities and computer-controlled flight, the TF-X is the flying car of the future. Terrafugia’s product development roadmap lays the groundwork for achieving this vision through a series of realistic steps over the coming decades.” Specifications: Resources: Search eVTOL news posts Website: Terrafugia TF-X Article: Terrafugia Sale May Accelerate Flying Car Arrival, AOPA, November 20, 2017 Article: Volvo’s parent company wants to sell you a flying car by 2019, Mashable, November 14, 2017 Article: Terrafugia Acquired, eVTOL News, August 23, 2017 Article: Air Mobility Bonanza Beckons Electric VTOL Developers, Vertiflite, March 2017 Article: The Demand for On-Demand Mobility, Vertiflite, Jan 2017 Video: The Terrafugia TF-X™, Terrafugia Inc, July 20, 2015 Tags: Terrafugia, Vectored Thrust, Initial Design, 4 Passengers, Electric Hybrid, Piloted, VFS Member

Terrafugia TF-X

Terrafugia Acquired

Terrafugia Acquired Chinese company Zhejiang Geely, which owns the Volvo and Lotus car brands, has reportedly acquired flying car company Terrafugia. One of the only companies in the world to be developing an actual flying car (i.e. a roadable aircraft), Terrafugia is studying the TF-X hybrid-electric VTOL tiltrotor flying car.

Terrafugia TF-2 Tiltrotor

Terrafugia TF-2 Tiltrotor (defunct)

TF-2 Tiltrotor Terrafugia Woburn, Massachusetts, USA www.terrafugia.com www.terrafugia-tf2.com The TF-2 Tiltrotor is a vectored thrust Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) aircraft which will transport exchangeable passenger and cargo pods that become the underside of its fuselage. The Tiltroter is fixed wing with two wide diameter propellers that tilt vertically for accent and decent and it tractor propellers in flight mode. The electric motors are roughly center of each wing and the outboard wing tilts with the rotors. Adjustable height landing gear are aft of the motors and on the down facing rudder The TF-2 Tiltrotor has a speed of 315 km/h and a range of roughly 500 km with its maximum payload of 500 kg.  It will be autonomous but will have a pilot in the permanent cockpit. The vehicle would carry and swap out streamlined pods that make up a lower fuselage. These pods could carry up to four passengers or cargo. While landed custom trucks (originally hybrid but ultimately fully electric like the TF) with an automated loading and unloading system and carrying pods behind their cabs would exchange pods with the aircraft within two minutes. With the quick transition and no passengers loading or unloading the cost to operate the vehicle is estimated at $400 hr. Terrafugia achieved widespread publicity after its first aircraft in 2009; the fixed-wing Terrafugia Transition was billed as “the world’s first practical flying car”. In late 2017 Terrafugia was acquired by the Chinese company Zhejiang Geely, which also owns the Volvo and Lotus car brands. This injected new capital into the Transition production, allowing acceleration in the company’s eVTOL development. The company is studying two competing concepts under the designation of TF-2. These two different designs are a Vectored Thrust Tiltrotor model and a Lift + Cruise model. Both are considered to be compatible with the Uber Elevate concept. This concept was abandoned in summer 2018 in favor of the TF-2 Lift+Push approach now being pursued.  Proposed Specifications: Flight Simulation:   Resources: Search eVTOL news posts Website: Terrafugia TF-2 Press Release: Terrafugia Inc: 100-Day Update Since Acquisition by Zhejiang Geely Holding Group, Terrafugia, February 28, 2018 Article: Terrafugia Acquired, eVTOL News, August 23, 2017 Article: Air Mobility Bonanza Beckons Electric VTOL Developers, Vertiflite, March 2017 Article: The Demand for On-Demand Mobility, Vertiflite, Jan 2017 Tags: Terrafugia, Vectored Thrust, Initial Design, 4 Passengers, Electric Hybrid, Piloted, VFS Member

GAMA-eVTOL-Meeting-Group-13.11.2018

GAMA Engages with EASA on eVTOL

On Nov. 14, 2018, the General Aviation Manufacturers Association (GAMA) announced that it had conducted two days of meetings with European regulators on the development of eVTOL aircraft and technologies. According to the press release, “Thirty senior eVTOL company figures from eight countries met with EASA (European Aviation Safety Agency), the European Commission and SESAR JU (Single European Sky ATM Research Joint Undertaking) over two days in Cologne and Brussels to discuss this burgeoning sector of the aviation industry.” “Global manufacturers have been working within GAMA over the last 12 months to prepare the ecosystem for eVTOL. We are really pleased that EASA is developing a path forward for this new era of aviation,” said Anna Dietrich, GAMA eVTOL Subcommittee Co-Chair and Terrafugia Co-Founder and Lead for Regulatory Affairs. “Leveraging the body of existing rules and standards wherever possible while appropriately addressing the new aspects of this industry will help us efficiently achieve our shared goals for safe, innovative vehicles that provide significant value to society”.

Autonomous VTOL Technical Meeting and eVTOL Symposium 2019

8th Biennial Autonomous VTOL Technical Meeting & 6th Annual Electric VTOL Symposium Sheraton Mesa Hotel at Wrigleyville West (Make your reservation before rooms sell out!) Mesa, Arizona, USA Thank you to our sponsors and exhibitors: Bell, Boeing, Continuum Dynamics, Empirical Systems Inc., Gannett Fleming, Honeywell, Karem Aircraft, NEXA Capital, Pi Innovo, Sentient Science, Terrafugia, Thales and XTI Aircraft! Short Course on eVTOL Design: Mon, Jan. 28 Technical Meeting & Symposium: Tues-Thur, Jan. 29-31 Short Course on eVTOL Acoustics: Thurs/Fri Jan. 31-Feb. 1 Registration now open! Overview The 21st century has seen a continued emphasis on Unmanned Air Systems (UAS) and greater autonomy and automation for both military and civilian applications. Unmanned vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft are in varying stages of development all over the world, and continue to expand into the civil and military sectors for a variety of uses. Autonomy is being used to unmanned versions of manned helicopters for dull, dirty and dangerous military cargo missions. In addition, the operator-interface and human factors can be one of the most significant contributions to UAS safety and successful operations. Correspondingly, technologies and regulation are being developed to safely operate UAS, and integrate them into commercial and military airspace. Meanwhile, automation and various levels of autonomy are being used in modern civil helicopter cockpits, while the military’s Future Vertical Lift (FVL) aircraft will need to be optionally-manned or optimally-manned. Autonomy is also a key enabler for new classes of vehicles for civil missions — such as personal air vehicles, urban air mobility and air taxi missions — using electric or hybrid-electric propulsion (eVTOL). This biennial meeting is an excellent opportunity to learn about and discuss with academic, industry, and military engineers from around the world the latest advancements in manned/unmanned, electric/hybrid/turboshaft-powered, and civil/military autonomous VTOL aircraft technology. The Technical Meeting is being held in conjunction with the 6th Annual Electric VTOL Symposium, which will be held in parallel. The conference will feature technical paper presentation related to autonomous VTOL aircraft, while the Symposium will feature invited presentations, panel sessions and discussions on electric and hybrid electric VTOL aircraft, with a focus on urban air mobility. Overall event schedule Technical Papers The 2019 Autonomous VTOL technical paper schedule (pdf) is now available!  Reminder to Authors: no paper will be scheduled for presentation if a written paper has not been received by Jan. 14, 2019. It will be author’s responsibility to obtain all necessary clearances or releases. Authors will receive email instruction from organizers with a link on where and how to upload their final papers. For paper questions contact Dr. Ram JankiRam (+1-480-891-6057), Technical Chair, or Dr. Kendra Befort (+1-480-891-1979), Deputy Technical Chair, or email uas_papers@ahsaz.org. Invited Presentations (Subject to Change) Banquet Keynote: “Autonomy at Bell,” Michael Thacker, Executive VP for Technology & Innovation, Bell Plenary Presentations: Needs for Future Autonomous VTOL Aircraft [Tues. Jan. 29 – 8:00 AM to 12:00 noon] Moderator: Dr. Ram JanakiRam, Boeing “Autonomy for Next Generation VTOL Systems,” Dr. Bill Lewis, Aviation Development Director, US Army “The Electric VTOL Revolution,” Mike Hirschberg, Vertical Flight Society Mark Jordan, Boeing Autonomous Systems …

GAMA-eVTOL-Meeting-Group-13.11.2018

GAMA Engages with EASA on eVTOL

On Nov. 14, 2018, the General Aviation Manufacturers Association (GAMA) announced that it had conducted two days of meetings with European regulators on the development of eVTOL aircraft and technologies. According to the press release, “Thirty senior eVTOL company figures from eight countries met with EASA (European Aviation Safety Agency), the European Commission and SESAR JU (Single European Sky ATM Research Joint Undertaking) over two days in Cologne and Brussels to discuss this burgeoning sector of the aviation industry.” “Global manufacturers have been working within GAMA over the last 12 months to prepare the ecosystem for eVTOL. We are really pleased that EASA is developing a path forward for this new era of aviation,” said Anna Dietrich, GAMA eVTOL Subcommittee Co-Chair and Terrafugia Co-Founder and Lead for Regulatory Affairs. “Leveraging the body of existing rules and standards wherever possible while appropriately addressing the new aspects of this industry will help us efficiently achieve our shared goals for safe, innovative vehicles that provide significant value to society”. The entire press release is available at https://gama.aero/news-and-events/press-releases/gama-accelerates-dialogue-with-european-regulators-on-evtol-aircraft/

RPI MOVE ribbon cutting 2018: (L-R): Dr. Shekhar Garde, Honorable Dr. Shirley Ann Jackson and Prof. Farhan Gandhi

RPI MOVE Videos/Lectures Posted

The opening of the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) Center for Mobility with Vertical Lift (MOVE) was held on Oct. 2-3, 2018, at the university, located in Troy, New York: http://move.rpi.edu Fueled by explosive growth in the emergent field of electric VTOL aircraft, as well as the U.S. DoD’s interest in high-speed VTOL aircraft, vertical lift technology is undergoing a major renaissance and is at one of the most exciting points in its development history. However, many fundamental research challenges must be addressed to deliver on this promise. Recognizing the need for breakthroughs at the frontiers of knowledge, as well as the exciting opportunities this offers, RPI established MOVE earlier this year. Ten RPI faculty and two affiliated faculty with a collective expertise in VTOL aeromechanics, multicopters, advanced VTOL configurations, control and autonomy, flying qualities, diagnostics and structural health monitoring, computational fluid dynamics, experimental aerodynamics, nanomaterials, and design optimization are actively working on projects under MOVE. The center currently has 21 Ph.D. students. The Vertical Flight Society gave the kick-off presentation and video recorded the presentations and panel discussions. Official Opening: https://youtu.be/6X5K3Ns5nnI (41:26) The official welcome was given by RPI President, The Honorable Dr. Shirley Ann Jackson, followed by MOVE Director, Prof. Farhan Gandhi. The opening event also included remarks by: Dr. Shekhar Garde, Elaine and Jack Parker Endowed Chair and Dean of Engineering, RPI Mr. David Koopersmith (RPI ’78), Vice President and General Manager, Boeing Vertical Lift Dr. Vineet Sahasrabudhe, Director of Engineering Sciences, Sikorsky Aircraft Corp. Dr. William D. Lewis, Director, Aviation Development Directorate, Aviation & Missile Research, Development and Engineering Center, U.S. Army The Electric VTOL Revolution: https://youtu.be/xYxzTwVUQaA (59:54) Leaders in Engineering Lecture: “The Electric VTOL Revolution” (kickoff presentation) Mr. Mike Hirschberg, Executive Director of the Vertical Flight Society New Forces Shaping Research and Development in the U.S. Army: https://youtu.be/u9-g17SpoDY (1:02:20) Paul E. Hemke Lecture in Aerospace Engineering: “New Forces Shaping Research and Development in the U.S. Army” Mr. Jeff Singleton. Director of Technology, Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army for Research and Technology The Dawn of eVTOL: https://youtu.be/bWrt1lUldAg (59:06) Lila and Robert G. Loewy Lecture in Rotorcraft Technology: “The Dawn of eVTOL” Mr. Mark Moore, Director of Engineering, Vehicle Systems, Uber Elevate Design Considerations for Vertical Lift Mobility: https://youtu.be/bSx7eO6uhNg (41:08) Leaders in Engineering Lecture: “Design Considerations for Vertical Lift Mobility, or Things to Think About Before You Grow Your Drone” Mr. Steve Weiner, Chief Engineer, Joint Multi-Role Technology Demonstrator, Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation Electric VTOL: Current Status & Technical Challenges: https://youtu.be/CH2FmE8n10A (2:02:54) Panel Discussion: “Electric VTOL: Current Status & Technical Challenges” Moderator: Mr. Elias Rigas (RPI ’91), Chief, Vehicle Applied Research Division, Vehicle Technology Directorate, U.S. Army Research Laboratory (on left in photo) Panelists (L-R in photo): Mr. Chris Jaran (RPI ’78), CEO, Terrafugia Mr. J. Scott Drennan, VP Innovation, Bell Mr. Matt Ciuca, Director of Strategy, Commercial Programs, Aurora Flight Sciences Mr. Mike Duffy, Project Manager, Boeing Research and Technology Dr. Rajneesh Singh, Group Lead, Vehicle Applied Research Division, Vehicle Technology Directorate, U.S. Army Research Laboratory Dr. Inderjit Chopra, Alfred Gessow Professor, University of Maryland

CAFE EAS2018 Videos Now Available!

The CAFE Foundation’s 12th Annual Electric Aircraft Symposium (EAS) was held on the University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh campus on July 21-22 prior to EAA AirVenture Oshkosh 2018. The theme was “The Future of Flight: Electric Aviation Technologies and Opportunities.” Since many of the talks were relevant to eVTOL (as well as eCTOL), the presentations were video recorded by the Vertical Flight Society and are available on the VFS YouTube channel. Direct links are as follows: 1- Electric Aircraft Symposium Opening Remarks – Yolanka Wulff, CAFE (9:32) 2 – VTOL Aircraft Design History – Todd Hodges (49:01) 3 – Autonomous eVTOL Ready for Lift Off Around the World – An Overview – Willi Tacke (42:46) 4 – Flying Electric in 2028 – Gilles Rosenberger, Faraday Aerospace (18:55) 5 – Cora and Challenges for the Air Taxi Market – Tom Gunnarson, Kitty Hawk (33:39) 6 – Balancing Optimism and Realism in Electric Aircraft Design – Michael Friend (39:56) 7 – Accelerating the World’s Transition to Sustainable Aviation – Kevin Noertker (24:33) 8 – Building Blocks to Sustainable Aviation: Electrofans & Universal Charging – Joshua Portlock (35:14) 9 – All Electric Sun Flyer Update – George Bye, Bye Aerospace (36:06) 10 – Electric Aircraft Developers Q&A – Kevin Noertker, Joshua Portlock & George Bye  (31:18) 11 – An Introduction to the Terrafugia TF-2 – Carl Dietrich, Terrafugia (41:52) 12 – The Challenge of Integrating Ballistic Parachutes in eVTOL Flight – Boris Popov (37:42) 13 – An Investor’s Perspective to the Opportunity in Advancing Aerial Mobility – Peter Shannon (17:29) 14 – Path to Scale for Aerial Ridesharing – Adam Warmoth, Uber Elevate (19:16) 15 – The Electric VTOL Revolution – Kenneth I. Swartz, Vertical Flight Society (36:21) 16 – eVTOL: The Promise of Large Scale, On-Demand Urban Air Mobility – Ed Lovelace (20:54) 17 – Electric Propulsion: Path to Certification – Luciano Serra, magniX (23:23) 18 – Eviation Aircraft: Partnering to Make it Fly Fast – Omer Bar-Yohay (29:27) 19 – Illuminating Aviation Safety with IPAS – Stan Ross, EFX Applied Technology (10:41) For more videos, go to www.youtube.com/VTOLsociety or www.vimeo.com/VTOLsociety