Joby S2 at sunset

Joby Aviation
Santa Cruz, California, USA

Joby Aviation in Santa Cruz, California has been working to fundamentally question how to achieve the best civil transport VTOL aircraft with the newly available electric propulsion technologies. The S2 concept takes everything learned from two years of collaborative study with NASA that resulted in the NASA GL-10, Joby Lotus, and joint NASA/Joby LEAPTech concepts.

The Joby S2 seats two passengers and features 16 propellers that tilt and/or fold. Instead of requiring the wing to tilt with a single point of failure, the S2 permits each fixed pitch propeller to rotate at the laterally and longitudinally distributed nacelles.

Joby was initially funded by JoeBen Bevirt, Paul Sciarra and others, but now Series A and Series B investments have reached $130M.

Joby was honored in May 2018 with the Vertical Flight Society’s Paul E. Haueter Award, given for an outstanding technical contribution to the field of VTOL aircraft development other than a helicopter or an operational vertical flight aircraft. The 2018 Haueter Award was awarded to JoeBen Bevirt, the founder and chief executive officer of Joby Aviation Inc., for successfully demonstrating the world’s first high-speed multi-passenger electric VTOL aircraft.

Joby has since discontinued the S2, shifting efforts to the four-seating Joby S4

Joby S2 at sunset
Joby S2 at sunset
Joby S2 top view
Joby S2 top view
Comparison of Joby S2 and S4 with the R22 and R44 (from the 2nd Annual AHS Transformative Vertical Flight Workshop, Aug. 2015)
Comparison of Joby S2 and S4 with the R22 and R44



JobyVectored ThrustInitial DesignDefunct2 PassengersElectric/BatteriesAutonomousVFS Member