Defunct

  • Volocopter VC1 In Flight

    Volocopter VC1/VC2 (defunct prototypes)

    VC1/VC2
    Volocopter GmbH (originally e-volo GmbH until July 2017)
    Karlsruhe, Germany
    www.volocopter.com

    The Volocopter VC1 utilized sixteen individual rotors for up to 20 minutes of flight. The multicopter weighs 80 kg (176.4 lb) and has a 5 m by 5 m profile (16.4 ft by 16.4 ft).

    e-volo co-founder Thomas Senkel was the primary designer, inventor and builder of the...

  • Joby Lotus Featured Image

    Joby Lotus (defunct)

    Lotus
    Joby Aviation
    Santa Cruz, California, USA
    www.jobyaviation.com

    The Joby Aviation Lotus was designed in partnership with NASA to demonstrate that a Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) aircraft would be able to achieve a 24-hour flight endurance. A subscale demonstrator was built but never flown.

    The Lotus was a vectored thrust tricopter with a fixed wing and...

  • AgustaWestland Project Zero (defunct)

    Project Zero
    AgustaWestland
    Cascina Costa, Italy
    www.leonardocompany.com

    Project Zero was an all-electric-powered, hybrid tilt-rotor/fan-in-wing technology incubator created by AgustaWestland. It shocked the world in 2013 when it was announced that it had been flying for years before. The Vertical Flight Society published the exclusive story on the aircraft in the...

  • Firefly Front Angle Pad

    Sikorsky Firefly (defunct)

    Firefly
    Sikorsky
    Stratford, Connecticut, USA
    www.sikorsky.com

    The Sikorsky Firefly is a modified Schweizer S-300C announced on July 26, 2010 at AirVenture 2010 in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, USA, as a technology demonstration and was said to be a stepping stone to successful electric helicopters. Sikorsky had been working on the project for more than two (2) years and has never...

  • Joby S2 at sunset

    Joby S2 (defunct)

    S2
    Joby Aviation
    Santa Cruz, California, USA
    www.jobyaviation.com

    Joby Aviation’s S2 concept expanded from its two year collaborative study with NASA that resulted in the NASA GL-10, Joby Lotus and joint NASA/Joby LEAPTech concepts.

    The S2 would feature 12 propellers on tiling and folding nacelles with eight on the fixed wing and four on a V-stabilizer/rudder...

  • Aurora LightningStrike

    Aurora LightningStrike (defunct)

    LightningStrike (XV-24A)
    Aurora Flight Sciences
    Manassas, Virginia, USA
    www.aurora.aero

    The Aurora LightningStrike XV-24 was a DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) project to demonstrate high speed and Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) capabilities in a drone.

    The LightningStrike had tilting rear wings and forward canards that employed one...

  • Flyer Prototype Featured Image

    Kitty Hawk Flyer (defunct prototype)

    Flyer (Prototype)
    Kitty Hawk
    Mountain View, California, USA
    www.KittyHawk.aero

    Kitty Hawk unveiled the prototype for their electric VTOL "Flyer" for recreational flying with a video on YouTube on April 24, 2017. From their website at the time: "The Kitty Hawk Flyer is a new, all-electric aircraft. We’ve designed our first version specifically to fly over water. You...