The Utah Advanced Materials and Manufacturing Initiative (UAMMI), a multi-disciplinary association working to strengthen the state’s manufacturing and technical capabilities, announced April 14 it had partnered with Salt Lake City, Utah-based personal flying vehicle developer ElectraFly to create 3D-printed carbon fiber aircraft parts for its hybrid-electric VTOL aircraft. The companies will jointly apply lessons UAMMI learned from participation in a two-year contract with America Makes, a US national accelerator in additive manufacturing and 3D printing. In that project, UAMMI fabricated legacy aircraft parts for the US Air Force using Impossible Objects’ Composite-Based Additive Manufacturing (CBAM) 3D printer. (Sources: UAMMI press release, America Makes)
ElectraFlyElectraFlySalt Lake City, Utah, U.S.A.www.electrafly.com John Manning and Jason Burgess co-founded ElectraFly in 2017. The ElectraFly is a one passenger hybrid-electric vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) multicopter. The company plans to make scalable cargo and personal flying vehicles for commercial and military use. As of September 2018, it’s been reported the company has filed for about 28 technology patents. The company recognized that small multi-rotor drones don’t have a very useful payload except for a small camera and have a small range. The goal of the company is to create a VTOL aircraft which would have a useful load for delivering cargo and for transporting a rider with a greater range of travel. The ElecraFly has four horizontal electrically powered propellers around the height of the rider’s head. The aircraft is about 75 lbs (34 kg) plus the payload of one rider. The vehicle also employs a small jet turbine engine that produces close to 70 lbs (32 kgs) of thrust if needed when hovering and for regular flight mode. The turbine engine also recharges the flight batteries. The ElectraFly also has four wings for lift that can pitch to point upward in hover mode to reduce their impact on the propeller’s down wash, called flat plate drag. Aircraft designs where propeller down wash is on the top of a wing will usually reduce the efficiency of an aircraft, according to the company. The vehicle hovers with its nose pitched 20 degrees above ground. When in flight mode, it will fly level providing a comfortable ride for the passenger which also reduces the pitch to drag penalty many UAV drones experience. It can be piloted remotely or with two joysticks. It can be said that on new aircraft prototypes, it is very common to not know the cruise speed, cruising altitude, range and other specifications early on before many flight tests have taken place. Only after much testing as been done can specifications come close to being accurate. However, goals for this aircraft are have a cruise speed of under 100 mph (161 km/h), a cruise altitude of under 5,000 ft (1,524 m) and a possible range of 20 miles (32 km). The vehicle will have multiple applications including air taxi service (scaled to a large sized vehicle), first responder, search and rescue, personal air vehicle, recreational use, ship to shore for yacht owners, cargo delivery, other commercial use and the military. The company sees the aircraft selling with a six figure price tag. The Electrafly was successfully flight tested while uncrewed in August 2018. It has a Memorandum of Understanding to test the vehicle at Utah’s Unmanned Aircraft System test site with a crewed test is planned for the first half of 2019. Specifications: Aircraft type: Hybrid-electric VTOL Capacity: …
eVTOL Captures the Attention of CES Electric VTOL and urban air mobility developers are reaching out to the consumer to create demand and prepare the way for public acceptance. By Jim Sherman Vertiflite Mar/Apr 2019 The Consumer Electronics Show (CES), the world’s largest assembly of the latest and greatest consumer technology from around the world — from phones and TVs, to drones, cars and, yes, even electric vertical takeoff and landing (eVTOL) aircraft and a yacht — kicked off in Las Vegas, Nevada, on Jan. 8–11, 2019. The buzz for CES 2019 was about eVTOLs. The darling of the show was the Bell Nexus, highlighted in the CES 2019 daily news. The Nexus wasn’t the only eVTOL on display, but it was the most visible. Traversing the CES show floor, there were several projects at various levels of maturity. Among them were the Hoversurf hoverbikes on display in the South Hall. The Hoversurf Scorpion-3 is currently being tested in Dubai by the police force. This fourpropeller machine was powered up several times during the show, although it didn’t fly inside the convention center. The controls are a mix of battle tank and flight control joysticks. While it appears to ride like a speed bike (aka, a “crotch rocket”), the Scorpion and its various antecedents, has conducted extensive flights and is well on the way to active use. In September, the Hoversurf Formula became the third eVTOL that has been acknowledged by the US Federal Aviation Authority (FAA) as a Part 103 ultralight, meaning the vehicle weighs 254 lb (115 kg) or less and can be flown without a pilot’s license, but Hoversurf requires the owner go through a training program. Hoversurf also unveiled their next-generation hoverbike, which features six ducted-propellers — instead of open props — to protect the pilots from blade-strike injuries. The Hoversurf team didn’t reveal much about this vehicle; in fact they kept it under wraps for much of the time and did not reveal a designation or model number. Hoversurf was not the only hoverbike on display; the ElectraFly was also on display. The ElectraFly is also a sit-on bike, albeit the propulsion is configured somewhat differently. This bike has dual propellers mounted on the end of the wings. ElectraFly was coexhibiting with Deseret Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) Flight Test Ranges, where the bike will undergo flight testing. VFS corporate member NFT, Inc., also presented its vision for a fully-electric VTOL drive-and-fly vehicle. Although it did not reveal the details of the concept, NFT has been teasing images since last year. In addition to these exhibits, the Consumer Technology Association also assembled some interesting conference sessions on mobility and transportation at CES 2019. “Flying Taxis. Build Them, But Will They Come?” The CES session, “Flying Taxis. …
Piloted All eVTOL aircraft that operate with a pilot Aeroxo LV ERA Aviabike AgustaWestland Project Zero (defunct) Airbus CityAirbus Alauda Airspeeder Aquinea Volta Assen A1 Aston Martin Volante Astro AA360 (Passenger Drone) Avianovations Hepard Bay Zoltán Flike Carter Aviation Air Taxi chAIR Multicopter CollaborativeBee Mini-Bee Dekatone Flying Car Dufour aEro 2 EAC Whisper ElectraFly ElectraFlyer Electric Jet EJ-1 Embraer DreamMaker Flexcraft FlytCycle Georgia Tech HummingBuzz Gravity X Hero Flyer Hi-Lite Lynx-us HopFlyt Venturi Hoversurf Scorpion JAXA Hornisse Jetpack Aviation Joby Aviation S4 Kalashnikov (unnamed) Kármán XK-1 Kenyan Passenger Drone Kitty Hawk Flyer Kitty Hawk Flyer (defunct prototype) Leap Vantage Malloy Hoverbike ManDrone Moller Skycar M200 Moller Skycar M400 Napoleon Aero VTOL NASA Puffin Neva AirQuadOne NUS Snowstorm Opener BlackFly Penn State University Blue Sparrow Ray Research Dart Flyer Ray VTOL Aircraft Sikorsky Firefly (defunct) Silverwing S1 Scoop Pegasus 1 Sky-Hopper Solution F Supervolant Pegasus Swarm Multicopter Talaria Hermes I Terrafugia TF-2 Lift + Push Terrafugia TF-2 Tiltrotor Terrafugia TF-X teTra 3 Texas A&M University Harmony Tier 1 Robinson R44 Transcend Air Vy 400 Trek Aerospace FlyKart 2 University of Kansas Mamba Urban Aeronautics CityHawk Varon V200 Vickers WAVE eVTOL Volocopter VC1/VC2 (defunct prototypes) Voyzon Aerospace e-VOTO Workhorse SureFly XTI Aircraft TriFan 600 View all pages with the tag “Piloted”
Electric Hybrid All eVTOL aircraft that utilize both electricity and fossil fuels Aergility ATLIS aeroG Aviation aG-4 Assen A1 Aston Martin Volante Aurora LightningStrike (defunct) AutoFlightX BAT600 Axix SkyRider SuvA Bell Air Taxi Davinci ZeroG Dufour aEro 2 ElectraFly ElectraFlyer Flexcraft Jetoptera J2000 Joby Aviation Lotus (defunct) Moller Skycar M200 Moller Skycar M400 PAV-X PAV-X Ultralight PFV Personal Flying Device Ray VTOL Aircraft Rolls-Royce EVTOL Sabrewing Draco-2 UAS Samad Starling Jet Talaria Hermes I Terrafugia TF-2 Lift + Push Terrafugia TF-2 Tiltrotor Terrafugia TF-X VerdeGo Aero PAT200 Vickers WAVE eVTOL Vimana AAV Volerian VTOL Aviation Abhiyaan Workhorse SureFly XTI Aircraft TriFan 600 View all pages with the tag “Electric Hybrid”
1 Passenger All eVTOL aircraft that carry one passenger A³ Vahana Aeroxo LV ERA Aviabike AgustaWestland Project Zero (defunct) Alauda Airspeeder Aquinea Volta Assen A1 Avianovations Hepard Bay Zoltán Flike Cartivator SkyDrive chAIR Multicopter EHang 184 ElectraFly ElectraFlyer Electric Jet EJ-1 FlytCycle Georgia Tech HummingBuzz Gravity X Hero Flyer Hoversurf Drone Taxi R-1 Hoversurf Scorpion Jetpack Aviation (unnamed) Kalashnikov (unnamed) KARI Optionally Piloted PAV Kenyan Passenger Drone Kitty Hawk Flyer Kitty Hawk Flyer (defunct prototype) Leap Vantage LIFT Hexa Malloy Hoverbike ManDrone NASA Puffin Neva AirQuadOne NUS Snowstorm Opener BlackFly PAV-X PAV-X Ultralight Penn State University Blue Sparrow Ray Research Dart Flyer Scoop Pegasus 1 Silverwing S1 Sky-Hopper Solution F Swarm Multicopter Talaria Hermes I teTra 3 Texas A&M University Harmony Trek Aerospace FlyKart 2 University of Kansas Mamba Vision VTOL Volocopter VC1/VC2 (defunct prototypes) Zee Aero Z-P2 View all pages with the tag “1 Passenger”
Flight Testing All eVTOL aircraft that have begun flying full-scale prototypes A³ Vahana AgustaWestland Project Zero (defunct) Aquinea Volta Astro AA360 (Passenger Drone) chAIR Multicopter EHang 184 EHang 216 ElectraFly ElectraFlyer FlytCycle Gravity X Hero Flyer Joby S4 Kalashnikov (unnamed) Kenyan Passenger Drone Kitty Hawk Cora Kitty Hawk Flyer Kitty Hawk Flyer (defunct prototype) LIFT Hexa Lilium Jet Malloy Hoverbike Moller Skycar M400 NUS Snowstorm Opener BlackFly Sky-Hopper Solution F Swarm Multicopter Tier 1 Robinson R44 Trek Aerospace FlyKart 2 Vertical Aerospace Volocopter 2X Volocopter VC1/VC2 (defunct prototypes) Volocopter VC200 Workhorse SureFly Zee Aero Z-P2 View all pages with the tag “Flight Testing”
Hover Bikes The following eVTOL aircraft are considered to be in the general class of “hover bikes,” with the primary differentiation being that the pilot sits on a saddle. Aeroxo ERA Aviabike – I, II Air Transportation Technology Catapult One – I, II ALI Technologies Hover Bike ALI Technologies Xturismo Aliptera ADR-1 Dragon Rider Assen Aeronautics A1 Explorer (defunct) Assen Aeronautics A2 Avenger Athena Aero Bay Zoltán Flike Colin Furze Hoverbike DragonAir Airboard 1 & 2 – II Edea 22/2 Squid – II Edea 22/3 X – III ElectraFly ElectraFlyer Electric Jet Aircraft EJ-1B (defunct) Electric Jet Aircraft EJ-1S Electric Jet Aircraft VertiCycle EosFlight (unnamed) FanFlyer Flyt Aerospace FlytCycle Georgia Tech HummingBuzz – I Hero Flyer (Defunct) Horus Hoverbike HoverSurf Drone Taxi R-1 HoverSurf Scorpion Innowings Aerospace PKOK Jayu Jetson Aero Speeder Jump Aero Kalashnikov (unnamed) Kitty Hawk Flyer (defunct) Leap Vantage – I Malloy Aeronautics Hoverbike NASA Puffin Neva Aerospace AirQuadOne Penn State University Blue Sparrow – I Raven – III Ray Research Dart Flyer rFlight rWing rFlight N217RL Ribeiro Skyflow Ryerson Helium – II, III Scoop Pegasus 1 – I Silverwing S1 – I, II Talaria Hermes I teTra 3 – I Teledrone Backpack (defunct) Teledrone Mark I (defunct) – II Teledrone Mark II (defunct) – III Teledrone Mark III Texas A&M University Harmony – I, II The Real Guys Flying Bathtub Trek Aerospace FlyKart 2 – I, II University of Kansas Mamba – I WatFly Atlas – II X-Aero X-Craft I – GoFly Phase I winner (announced June 14, 2018) II – GoFly Phase II winner (announced March 26, 2019) Not what you’re looking for? Check out our listing of all eVTOL aircraft!
Welcome to the World eVTOL Aircraft Directory, first started in 2016 when there were only a half-dozen known designs. Here, we have categorized all known electric and hybrid-electric vertical takeoff and landing (eVTOL) concepts.