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AutoflightX V600 prototype front view, first unveiled in Germany on 10 April 2019. Photo for VFS by Ian Frain.

AutoFlightX Breaks Cover

Vertiflite May/June 2019 AutoFlightX GmbH, based near Munich, Germany, unveiled its full-sized V600 prototype on April 10 at the AERO Friedrichshafen 2019 aviation trade show. The two-place all-electric V600 aircraft has six propellers for lift fitted on two booms parallel to the fuselage and a pusher propeller in the rear for forward flight. The design uses four propellers underneath (one each at the ends of the two booms) plus a single propeller above each boom (at its center), for a total of six lifting propellers. The company uses the aviation network of the Munich Metropolitan Region as well as the Technical University of Munich. The company expects their eVTOL aircraft can be used as autonomous air taxis, regular piloted sports aircraft and as unmanned autonomous cargo drones. AutoFlightX plans to fly the prototype in the coming weeks. The operational aircraft is planned to seat three-to-five passengers and be certified under the new European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) Ultralight rules — for aircraft with a maximum takeoff weight of 1,323 lb (600 kg) — but first plans to use the aircraft for cargo delivery, beginning in 2023. (VFS photo by Ian Frain)

AutoflightX V600 prototype front view, first unveiled in Germany on 10 April 2019. Photo for VFS by Ian Frain.

AutoFlightX Breaks Cover

AutoFlightX GmbH, based near Munich, Germany, unveiled its full-sized V600 prototype on April 10, 2019, at the AERO Friedrichshafen 2019 aviation trade show. The two-place, all-electric AutoFlightX V600 has six propellers for lift fitted on two booms parallel to the fuselage and a pusher propeller in the rear for forward flight. The design uses four propellers underneath (one each at the ends of the two booms) plus a single propeller above each boom (at its center), for a total of six lifting propellers. AutoFlightX, founded in February 2018, is dedicated to the development, production, sales and operation of eVTOL aircraft. The company uses the aviation network of the Munich Metropolitan Region as well as the Technical University of Munich. The V600 is based on the earlier BAT600. The company expects their eVTOL aircraft can be used as autonomous air taxis, regular piloted-sports aircraft and as unmanned autonomous cargo drones. AutoFlightX plans to fly the prototype in the coming weeks. The operational aircraft is planned to seat three-to-five passengers and be certified under the new European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) Ultralight rules for aircraft with a maximum takeoff weight of 1,323 lb (600 kg). However, the initial plan is to use the aircraft for cargo delivery, beginning in 2023. VFS correspondent Ian Frain took these photos at AERO Friedrichshafen at the unveiling on April 10. Additional photos from AERO Friedrichshafen can be found on the VFS Facebook page in three photo albums: April 10. April 11 and April 14.

AutoflightX V600 sideview by Ian Frain 11 April 2019

AutoFlightX V600

V600AutoFlightX GmbHGilching, Germanywww.autoflightx.com AutoFlightX was founded in February of 2018 by CEO Tian Yu (formerly Yuneec International Electric Aviation) and AutoFlightX is dedicated to the development, production, sales and operation of electric vertical take-off and landing vehicles (eVTOLs). The company uses the aviation network of the Munich Metropolitan Region as well as the Technical University of Munich. Their philosophy for making eVTOL aircraft is reliability, sustainability and most importantly, safety first. In 2017, Tian Yu designed a concept VTOL aircraft called the BAT600. The concept aircraft had a fixed wing, eight lifting propellers on two booms, a tail stabilizer (formed at the back of the two booms), one pusher propeller for forward flight and tricycle landing gear. It was possibly a one-person aircraft. It was originally designed to be either fully electric or a hybrid VTOL aircraft. The BAT600 is now defunct. However, an evolved (or a newly designed?) prototype was revealed to the public in 2019 called the V600. The AutoFlightX V600 full-sized prototype was unveiled at the aviation trade show, Aero Friedrichshafen 2019 in Germany on April 10, 2019. The V600 prototype is an all electric, two-place aircraft with two sets of wings (typically called a canard wing configuration), tricycle landing gear, six propellers for lift (fitted on two booms parallel to the fuselage) and a pusher propeller for forward flight that is attached to the back of the fuselage. While it’s a little difficult to see in these photos, there is one propeller fixed underneath, at the end of each boom, for a subtotal for four propellers. Then notice, there is a propeller fixed above, at the center of each boom, for a subtotal of two propellers. Making a grand total of six lifting propellers. The company expects their eVTOL aircraft can be used as autonomous air taxis, regular piloted sports aircraft and as unmanned autonomous cargo drones. The company has recently stated they hope to have a flying prototype in 2019. “The final vehicle—not yet publicly revealed—will carry three to five passengers and incorporate changes, such as the position of propellers, to meet EASA certification requirements.” as quoted from this April 10, 2019 Aviation International News Online article. Resources: Search eVTOL news posts AutoFlightX GmbH website Article: AutoFlightX Takes Wraps off All-electric Demonstrator, Aviation International News Online, Apr. 10, 2019 Article: AutoFlightX wants to fly the V600 later this year, Aero Buzz, Apr. 12, 2019 Video: AutoflightX V600 EVTOL two-seat Demonstrator at AERO Freidrichshafen, MUC-Spotter, Apr. 14, 2019 Tags:AutoFlightX, Lift + Cruise, 3-5 Passengers, Electric/Batteries, Autonomous, Piloted, Cargo, Airtaxi

BAT600 side view

AutoFlightX BAT600 (defunct)

BAT600 (defunct) AutoFlightX GmbH Gilching, Germany www.autoflightx.com AutoFlightX was founded in February of 2018 by Yu Tian, creator of Chinese drone company Yuneec International. The company hopes to have a flying prototype by the end of 2018. The BAT600 was designed by Yuneec in 2017, so it is unsure if AutoFlightX is developing this design or another. The BAT600 can either be ordered as completely battery powered or as hybrid electric. The aircraft has two forward and two rear coaxial positions for eight lifting propellers, as well as one pusher propeller for flight mode as well as a fixed wing. On July 17, 2018, it was announced that the company would join Volocopter, Lilium, and Quantum Systems at the new Oberpfaffenhofen eVTOL test facility. As of April 2019, the AutoFlightX website does not mention the BAT600 aircraft and was probably the first or at least, a past design concept which is now defunct. The aircraft that replaced the BAT600 concept design is the V600 prototype. Specifications: Passengers 2 Flight Time 2 hours electric 5 hours hybrid Take-off Weight 600 kg 1322.77 lbs Maximum Speed 100 k/h 62.14 mph Resources: Search eVTOL news posts Website: AutoFlightX Vertiflite Article: German Ultralight VTOL Innovations, Ian Frain, September/October 2016 Article: Per Flugtaxi an die Weltspitze, OVB Online, July 17, 2018 Tags: AutoFlightX, Lift + Cruise, Initial Design, 2 Passengers, Electric/Batteries, Electric Hybrid, Autonomous,

Oshkosh e-AirVenture

Oshkosh e-AirVenture This was the year that the “Electric VTOL Revolution” arrived in Oshkosh. It will never be the same. By Kenneth I. Swartz  Vertiflite, September/October 2019 The world’s largest gathering of pilots and aviation enthusiasts takes place every year in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, where the Experimental Aircraft Association (EAA) has hosted its massive fly-in convention for 50 years. Oshkosh has a long been associated with innovation, from experimental homebuilt aircraft and Burt Rutan’s imaginative designs to the world’s fastest, largest and most expensive civilian and military aircraft. In the last decade, Oshkosh has also become an important meeting place for electric aviation pioneers and enthusiasts developing a spectrum of aircraft and associated technologies. This year, the Vertical Flight Society again partnered with the Comparative Aircraft Flight Efficiency (CAFE) Foundation to co-host the annual Electric Aircraft Symposium (EAS) at the University of Wisconsin – Oshkosh on the weekend prior to EAA’s AirVenture. The CAFE Foundation and VFS are both pioneers when it comes to advancing electric aviation. The CAFE Foundation was originally founded in 1981 to foster the development of more fuel-efficient general aviation aircraft. The Foundation hosted the world’s first Electric Aircraft Symposium in 2006 and VFS held the world’s first electric VTOL aircraft symposium in 2014 — so it makes a lot of sense for the two non-profit educational organizations to collaborate since electric conventional takeoff and landing (eCTOL) and eVTOL aircraft designs share many of the same technologies and challenges. Thirteenth Annual Electric Aircraft Symposium The CAFE Foundation’s 13th annual EAS, co-sponsored again by VFS, featured presentations by two dozen industry experts with strong backgrounds in aerospace technology, regulation, marketing and finance. This year’s EAS was divided into six sessions focused on: state of the industry; emerging technologies; tiltwing and tiltrotor VTOL lessons learned; standards and certification; safety and operations; and electric aircraft development, including both eVTOL and eCTOL programs. Three speakers represented VFS at EAS, including Executive Director Mike Hirschberg, Regional Director for the Americas and Vertiflite Senior Editor Kenneth Swartz, and former NASA Langley engineer Todd Hodges. The message from the EAS was that the electric aviation industry has had a remarkable year, with lots of activity across the emerging industry. Some 70 VFS corporate members are now engaged in eVTOL/urban air mobility (UAM) and the Society had nearly 200 eVTOL aircraft on its authoritative World eVTOL Aircraft Directory hosted at www.eVTOL.news. As of the time of the conference, the Directory provided comprehensive information on 67 Vectored Thrust, 26 Lift + Cruise, 46 Wingless (Multicopter), 14 eHelos and eGyros, and 38 Hover Bikes/Flying Devices, with many of the small Personal Flying Device designs competing for the $2M GoFly Prize. At the recent Paris Airshow, Airbus and Boeing’s Aurora Flight Science displayed new eVTOL aircraft alongside their …

eVTOL Corporate Directory

Listed below are 70+ Vertical Flight Society (VFS) corporate members which work in all aspects of eVTOL aircraft development (aircraft, software, engines, simulations, universities, etc.). Our corporate members have an unprecedented opportunity to network and engage with all levels of the rotorcraft technical community, including industry, academia and government. More than 100 VTOL companies and organizations have joined the Vertical Flight Society (VFS). Please go to www.vtol.org/corporate to be part of the world’s largest organization supporting vertical flight technology. Aircraft Developers A³ by Airbus 225 W Santa Clara St, San Jose, CA 95113 www.vahana.aero Aircraft: Vahana Airbus Helicopters F-13725 Marignane Cedex, Aéroport International Marseille-Provence, France www.airbus.com Aircraft: Airbus CityAirbus, Pop.Up Next Airspace Experience Technologies, LLC 11499 Conner Street, Detroit, Michigan 48213 USA www.asx.us Aircraft: AirspaceX MOBi Aurora Flight Sciences 9950 Wakeman Drive, Manassas, Virginia 20110 USA www.aurora.aero Aircraft: Aurora eVTOL AutoflightX GmbH Friedrichshafener Str. 1, Gilching 82205 Germany www.autoflightx.com Aircraft: AutoFlightX BAT600 Bartini, Inc. 19421 Phil Lane, Cupertino, California 95014 USA www.bartini.aero Aircraft: Bartini Flying Car Bell 3255 Bell Flight Boulevard, Fort Worth, Texas 76118 USA www.bellflight.com Aircraft: Bell Nexus Beta Technologies, Inc. 265 Aviation Ave, South Burlington, Vermont 05403 USA www.beta.team Aircraft: Ava XC Carter Aviation Technologies, LLC 2730 Commerce Street, Suite 600, Wichita Falls, Texas 76301 USA www.cartercopters.com Aircraft: Carter Aviation Air Taxi Kitty Hawk Corporation 2700 Broderick Way, Mountain View, California 94043 USA www.kittyhawk.aero Aircraft: Kitty Hawk Cora, Kitty Hawk Flyer Jaunt Air Mobility, LLC www.jauntairmobility.com Aircraft: Jaunt Joby Aviation 340 Woodpecker Ridge, Santa Cruz, California 95060 USA www.jobyaviation.com Aircraft: Joby S4 Karem Aircraft, Inc. 1 Capital Drive, Lake Forest, California 92630 USA www.karemaircraft.com Aircraft: Karem Butterfly Leonardo Helicopters 3050 Red Lion Road, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19114 USA www.leonardocompany.com Aircraft: AgustaWestland Project Zero (defunct) * Formerly AgustaWestland. LIFT Aircraft Inc. 3402 Mount Bonnell Road, Austin, Texas 78731 USA www.liftaircraft.com Aircraft: Hexa Lilium GmbH Gilching, Bavaria 82205 Germany www.lilium.com Aircraft: Lilium Jet Neoptera Aero Ltd 24 Rock Lane, Stoke Gifford, Bristol BS348PF United Kingdom neoptera.aero Aircraft: Neoptera eOpter NFT Inc. 4653 Table Mountain Drive, Golden, Colorado 80403 USA www.askafly.com Aircraft: NFT ASKA eVTOL Piasecki Aircraft Corporation Second Street West, PO Box 360, Essington, Pennsylvania 19029-0360 USA www.piasecki.com Aircraft: Piasecki eVTOL Pipistrel Vertical Solutions d.o.o. Vipavska cesta 2, Ajdovscina 5270 Slovenia www.pipistrel.si Aircraft: Pipistrel Sabrewing Aircraft Company, Inc. 275 Durley Avenue, Unit H-3, Hangar 2, Camarillo Airport, Camarillo, California 93010 USA www.sabrewingaircraft.com Aircraft: Sabrewing Draco-2 UAS Sikorsky, A Lockheed Martin Company 6900 Main Street, Stratford, Connecticut 06601 USA www.lockheedmartin.com Aircraft: Sikorsky VERT Skyworks Global 9980 South 300 West, Suite 200, Salt Lake City, Utah 84070 USA www.skyworks-global.com Terrafugia, Inc. 23 Rainin Road, Woburn, Massachusetts 01801 USA www.terrafugia.com Aircraft: Terrafugia TF-X Transcend Air Corporation 779 West Street, Carlisle, Massachusetts 01741 USA www.transcend.aero Aircraft: Vy400 Uber 1455 Market Street, Suite 400, San Francisco, California …

eVTOL Aircraft by VFS Members

Listed below are Vertical Flight Society (VFS) corporate members which have developed or are developing eVTOL aircraft. Our corporate members have an unprecedented opportunity to network and engage with all levels of the rotorcraft technical community, including industry, academia and government. More than 100 VTOL companies and organizations have joined the Vertical Flight Society. Please go to www.vtol.org/corporate to be part of the world’s largest organization supporting vertical flight technology.  A³ Vahana AgustaWestland Project Zero (defunct) Airbus CityAirbus AirspaceX MOBi Aurora eVTOL Aurora LightningStrike (defunct) AutoFlightX BAT600 (defunct) AutoFlightX V600 Bartini Flying Car Bell Air Taxi Bell Autonomous Pod Transport (APT) Beta Technologies Ava XC Boeing Cargo Aerial Vehicle Carter Air Taxi Jaunt Air Mobility Joby Lotus (defunct) Joby S2 (defunct) Joby S4 Karem Butterfly Kitty Hawk Cora Kitty Hawk Flyer Kitty Hawk Flyer (defunct prototype) LIFT Hexa Lilium Jet Neoptera eOpter NFT AKSA Piasecki Air Scout Piasecki eVTOL Piasecki PA-890 Pipistrel (unnamed) Pop.Up Next Rolls-Royce EVTOL Sabrewing Draco-2 UAS Sabrewing RHAEGAL UAS Sikorsky Firefly (defunct) Sikorsky VERT Terrafugia TF-2 Lift + Push Terrafugia TF-2 Tiltrotor Terrafugia TF-X Transcend Air Vy 400 Urban Aeronautics CityHawk Vertical Aerospace Volocopter 2X Volocopter VC1/VC2 (defunct prototypes) Volocopter VC200 XTI Aircraft TriFan 600 Zee Aero Z-P2 Zenith Altitude EOPA Don’t see your company on this list? Join as a corporate member!

Autonomous

Autonomous All eVTOL aircraft that can operate without a pilot Aergility ATLIS AeroMobil 5.0 AgustaWestland Project Zero (defunct) Airbus CityAirbus AirisOne AirspaceX MOBi Aston Martin Volante Astro AA360 (Passenger Drone) Aurora eVTOL Aurora LightningStrike (defunct) AutoFlightX BAT600 Autonomous Flight Y6S Axix SkyRider SuvA Bartini Flying Car Bell Air Taxi Boeing Cargo Aerial Vehicle Cartivator SkyDrive Davinci ZeroG DeLorean Aerospace DR-7 Digi Robotics DroFire Digi Robotics Droxi Dufour aEro 2 EHang 184 EHang 216 EVA X01 Hoversurf Drone Taxi R-1 Hoversurf Formula Jetoptera J2000 Jetpack Aviation Joby Aviation Lotus (defunct) Joby Aviation S2 (defunct) KARI Optionally Piloted PAV Kenyan Passenger Drone Kitty Hawk Cora LIFT Hexa Lilium Jet Neoptera eOpter PAV-X PAV-X Ultralight PFV Personal Flying Device Piasecki eVTOL Pipistrel (unnamed) Pop.Up Next PteroDynamics Transwing Rolls-Royce EVTOL Sabrewing Draco-2 UAS Samad Starling Jet Sikorsky VERT SKYLYS Aircraft AO VerdeGo Aero PAT200 Vertical Aerospace Vertiia Vimana AAV Vision VTOL Volerian Volocopter 2X Volocopter VC200 VRCO NeoXCraft VTOL Aviation Abhiyaan Zee Aero Z-P2 Zenith Altitude EOPA View all pages with the tag “Autonomous”

Electric Hybrid

Electric Hybrid All eVTOL aircraft that utilize both electricity and fossil fuels Aergility ATLIS aeroG Aviation aG-4 Assen A1 Aston Martin Volante Aurora LightningStrike (defunct) AutoFlightX BAT600 Axix SkyRider SuvA Bell Air Taxi Davinci ZeroG Dufour aEro 2 ElectraFly ElectraFlyer Flexcraft Jetoptera J2000 Joby Aviation Lotus (defunct) Moller Skycar M200 Moller Skycar M400 PAV-X PAV-X Ultralight PFV Personal Flying Device Ray VTOL Aircraft Rolls-Royce EVTOL Sabrewing Draco-2 UAS Samad Starling Jet Talaria Hermes I Terrafugia TF-2 Lift + Push Terrafugia TF-2 Tiltrotor Terrafugia TF-X VerdeGo Aero PAT200 Vickers WAVE eVTOL Vimana AAV Volerian VTOL Aviation Abhiyaan Workhorse SureFly XTI Aircraft TriFan 600 View all pages with the tag “Electric Hybrid”

Electric/Batteries

Electric/Batteries All eVTOL aircraft that utilize electric batteries A³ Vahana AeroMobil 5.0 Aeroxo LV ERA Aviabike AgustaWestland Project Zero (defunct) Airbus CityAirbus AirisOne AirspaceX MOBi Alauda Airspeeder Aquinea Volta Astro AA360 (Passenger Drone) Aurora eVTOL AutoFlightX BAT600 Autonomous Flight Y6S Avianovations Hepard Bartini Flying Car Bay Zoltán Flike Boeing Cargo Aerial Vehicle Carter Air Taxi Cartivator SkyDrive chAIR Multicopter CollaborativeBee Mini-Bee Dekatone Flying Car DeLorean Aerospace DR-7 Digi Robotics DroFire Digi Robotics Droxi EAC Whisper EHang 184 EHang 216 Electric Jet EJ-1 Embraer DreamMaker EVA X01 FlytCycle Georgia Tech HummingBuzz Gravity X Hero Flyer Hi-Lite Lynx-us HopFlyt Venturi Hoversurf Drone Taxi R-1 Hoversurf Formula Hoversurf Scorpion JAXA Hornisse Jetpack Aviation Joby Aviation S2 (defunct) Joby Aviation S4 Kalashnikov (unnamed) Karem Butterfly KARI Optionally Piloted PAV Kármán XK-1 Kenyan Passenger Drone Kitty Hawk Cora Kitty Hawk Flyer Kitty Hawk Flyer (defunct prototype) Leap Vantage LIFT Hexa Lilium Jet Malloy Hoverbike ManDrone Napoleon Aero VTOL NASA Puffin Neoptera eOpter Neva AirQuadOne NUS Snowstorm Opener BlackFly Penn State University Blue Sparrow Piasecki eVTOL Pipistrel (unnamed) Pop.Up Next PteroDynamics Transwing Ray Research Dart Flyer Scoop Pegasus 1 Sikorsky Firefly (defunct) Silverwing S1 Sky-Hopper SKYLYS Aircraft AO Solution F Swarm Multicopter teTra 3 Texas A&M University Harmony Tier 1 Robinson R44 Transcend Air Vy 400 Trek Aerospace FlyKart 2 University of Kansas Mamba Varon V200 Vertical Aerospace Vertiia Vision VTOL Volocopter 2X Volocopter VC1/VC2 (defunct prototypes) Volocopter VC200 Voyzon Aerospace e-VOTO VRCO NeoXCraft Zee Aero Z-P2 Zenith Altitude EOPA View all pages with the tag “Electric/Batteries”