Overair (Karem) Butterfly
Santa Ana, California, USA
Overair, Inc. is a spin-off from Karem Aircraft and is located in Santa Ana, California, USA. Overair became its own independent company in 2019 and will be making the production prototype for their electric vertical takeoff and landing (eVTOL) aircraft named Butterfly.
Karem Aircraft was founded by Abe Karem in 2004 in California, USA. Ben Tigner was the President and CEO of Karem Aircraft and as of January 2020, is now the President and CEO of Overair. Uber Elevate announced on May 8, 2018 that it was adding Karem Aircraft (now Overair) as one of its aircraft partners to design an eVTOL aircraft for Uber's Elevate ecosystem. In December 2020, Uber sold Uber Elevate to Joby Aviation.
In July 2019, it was reported that Korean industrial conglomerate Hanwha Systems, pending regulatory approval, will invest $25M in a subsidiary of Karem Aircraft to develop the Butterfly eVTOL aircraft for Uber Elevate's mission. On Jan. 15, 2020, it was announced that Hanwha Systems was approved for the $25M dollar investment for Karem's spin-off company, Overair. Hanwha Systems now owns 30% of Overair, Inc.
Revealed to the public in August 2021, the new Overair's eVTOL Butterfly production aircraft is a sleek and elegantly designed quad-tiltrotor aircraft. The Butterfly has one pilot and carries five passengers with their luggage. The aircraft's estimated cruise speed is 200 mph (322 km/h), a range of 100 miles (161 km) and with a payload 1,100 lb (499 kg). While the new design is mostly similar to its previous configuration, the size of the rear props has been increased to allow the Butterfly to land if one prop is damaged.
The Overair Butterfly uses the company's patented Optimum Speed Tiltrotor (OSTR) technology which has a far higher system performance than typical tiltrotors (according to Overair), through integrated improvements in multiple technologies. Optimum Speed Tiltrotor technology has the following characteristics of variable-speed tilting electric rotors (individual blade control), uniquely designed blades, lightweight composite blades, high efficiency aerodynamics and more. The Butterfly configuration solves the trade-off between hover and cruise efficiency, creating an optimal vehicle configuration for advanced air mobility (AAM).
The larger slow turning rotor propellers provide more efficient lift, safer flight, quieter acoustics and draw less power from batteries than aircraft with smaller propellers. This design feature provides an immediate economic impact by making the Butterfly less costly to fly. The most recent information from Overair as of August 2021 includes claims that the Butterfly will be the quietest eVTOL in the industry when they launch. Two statements were given to support this claim, the noise produced by the aircraft is low and the frequency of the noise is one which humans are less likely to register. If this is the case, it stands to have a major advantage over competitors in both public acceptance and passenger comfort.
According to Overair's Ben Tigner, using large slow tiltrotors makes the Butterfly a more efficient and faster aircraft on less power. While efficiency sounds academic, efficiency translates into real economic and operational advantages. For example, the Butterfly can fly multiple advanced air mobility missions on a single battery charge with a lot of reserve power and it doesn't need to rely on any exotic power system. All one needs is batteries. Efficiency also means the aircraft can fly faster, for example, the aircraft will increase it's cruise speed from 150 to 200 mph (240 to 322 km/h), allowing a shorter time period between trips.
Electric motors are quieter and provide a higher margin of safety. High efficiency allows the aircraft to perform well with unexpected wind gusts or unexpected traffic, the aircraft can easily maneuver through these situations where turbine jets or planes might have more trouble.
On June 14, 2022, Overair announced they received $145 million in funding from Hanwha Systems and Hanwha Aerospace, headquartered in Changwon, South Korea. With this new investment, Overair plans to use this money to fly its eVTOL prototype aircraft in the second half of 2023 and to help commercialize their eVTOL passenger aircraft. In addition to their investment, Hanwha will also provide electric motors and battery packs for Overair's prototypes.
Overair aims to have the Butterfly FAA certified by 2025 and launch operations in 2026 in the United States and Korea for use in advanced air mobility operations.
- Aircraft type: eVTOL passenger aircraft
- Pilot: 1 pilot
- Passengers: 5 passengers with luggage
- Speed: 200 mph (322 km/h)
- Range: 100 miles (161 km)
- Payload: 1,100 lb (499 kg)
- Propellers: 4 propellers. A quad tiltrotor with Optimum Speed Tiltrotor (OSTR) technology. A large rotor, slow turning propeller.
- Electric Motors: 4 electric motors
- Power source: Batteries
- Wing: 1 high wing
- Tail: 1 V tail
- Landing gear: Retractable landing gear
- Safety features: Distributed Electric Propulsion (DEP), provides safety through redundancy for its passengers and/or cargo. DEP means having multiple propellers (or ducted fans) and motors on the aircraft so if one or more propellers (ducted fans) or motors fail, the other working propellers (or ducted fans) and motors can safely land the aircraft. There are also redundancies in the sub-systems of the aircraft.
- Overair website
- Overair YouTube Channel
- Overair Instagram
- Overair LinkedIn
- Karem Aircraft website
- Abraham Karem Wikipedia
- Article: The Man Who Invented the Predator, Air & Space/Smithsonian Magazine, Apr. 2013
- Article: Karem Aircraft unviels eVTOL concept aircraft FlightGlobal, May 8, 2018
- Article: A Look at Uber's Flying Car Dream, Bloomberg, May 8, 2018
- Article: Uber Air Adds Another Flying Taxi Partner, TechCrunch, May 8, 2018
- Article: Three New eVTOLS Unveiled at Uber Elevate, AIN Online, May 9, 2018
- Article: Uber signs Karem Aircraft to develop eVTOL, Electric VTOL News, May 24, 2018
- Article: Karem Aircraft Launches New Air Taxi Company, Electric VTOL News, Jul. 16, 2019
- Article: One of Urber’s flying taxi partners just raised a $25 million Series A round, Tech Crunch, Jul. 16, 2019
- Article: The Father of Drones’ Newest Baby is a Flying Car, Forbes, Jul. 24, 2019
- Video: The Karem Butterfly | Uber Elevate | Uber, Uber, Aug. 25, 2019
- Article: Karem Spin-Off is Overair, Electric VTOL News, Nov. 4, 2019
- Article: Hanwha Systems Gearing Up to Enter Air Taxi Market, Hanwha, Dec. 19, 2019
- Article: Hanwha Systems’ $25m Overair deal closes, Korean Herald, Jan. 15, 2020
- Article: Ready to Revolutionize Your Commute : Hanwha’s Vision for Aerial Mobility Takes Flight, Hanwha Group, Oct. 5, 2020
- Article: How the flying vehicles of the future will transform commuting as we know it, Hanwha Group, Oct. 2020
- Article: Overair Butterfly takes a unique eVTOL approach with military heritage, New Atlas, Jun. 10, 2021
- Press Release: Overair Unveils Much Anticipated Butterfly eVTOL Design, a Culmination of Decades of Military Grade Vertical Lift Technology, Overair, Aug. 12, 2021
- Article: Overair Releases New Details About its eVTOL Aircraft, Aviation Today, Aug. 12, 2021
- Article: Overair takes the wraps off its redesigned Butterfly eVTOL, eVTOL Magazine, Aug. 12, 2021
- Article: Overair tests its eVTOL large propeller propulsion prototype, DroneDJ, Jan. 21, 2022
- Article: Overair tests full-scale propulsion system for Butterfly eVTOL, eVTOL Magazine, Jan. 27, 2022
- Article: Overair is the latest eVTOL company working to bring urban air mobility to Los Angeles, Electrek, May 17, 2022
- Video: About Us - Overair, Overair, May 31, 2022
- Video, Overair Propulsion System Test, Overair, May 31, 2022
- Article: Overair receives $145 million investment from Hanwha Group to develop all-electric VTOL aircraft, Fifty Sky Shades, June 14, 2022
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