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Volocopter 2X


Volocopter GmbH
Bruschal, Germany

Volocopter GmbH was founded in 2011 in Karlsruhe, Germany, by Alexander Zosel and Stephen Wolf with the intent of making an electric vertical takeoff and landing (eVTOL) multicopter aircraft for fast and efficient urban travel. Known as “e-volo GmbH” until being renamed in July 2017, the company is now based in Bruchsal, Germany.

According to the Guinness Book of World Records, the first manned flight of an electric multicopter was the Volocopter VC1 prototype. The VC1 multicopter was flown by co-founder, primary designer, inventor and builder, Thomas Senkel on Oct. 21, 2011.

The Volocopter 2X is an electric Vertical Take-Off and Landing multicopter that is a refined version of the VC200, with a limited number of pre-production prototypes now under development for future sale.

The 2X is completely electric and quieter than the smallest helicopter by a factor of seven. It has six Y shaped struts emanating from its axle. The intersection of each Y has a vertical non-tilting propeller and 12 more are at the ends of the struts which is reinforced with a perimeter ring. These 18 propellers and 3-phase PM synchronous brushless DC electric motors are powered by nine batteries. The vehicle weighs 640 lbs (290 kg) and can carry a two passenger payload of 350 lb (160 kg). It has demonstrated an endurance of 27 minutes of flight, for a range of 17 miles (27 km). It has a cruise speed of 55 kt (100 k/hr). It is 10.5 ft (3.2 m) long, 7 feet (2.15 m) high and has a tip-to-tip distance of 30 ft (9.15 m).

Autonomous flight is possible for the Volocopter 2X. The aircraft has a single joystick and was designed to be intuitive to fly. If the joystick is released automatic systems keep it in a stable position. Systems include fiber optic fly-by-wire. It also has an emergency ballistic parachute. The 2X is designed for urban mobility and Volocopter envisions units being reserved through the use of an app.

In 2016 it was the first multicopter given crewed flight certification. Its first uncrewed flight was in September 2017 and its first crewed flight in January 2018 allowing Volocopter to claim this as the world’s first 2-seat electric VTOL aircraft.

The program is supported by Intel’s Ascending Technologies, Daimler AG, DG Flugzeugbau GmbH and others. Volocopter announced in February 2020 that it had raised a total of €122 million (approx. $145M USD) since inception. 

Volocopter will be manufacturing the aircraft, running the air taxi service, building Voloports, allow passengers to request a flight through an app, will not be selling their aircraft to individuals and will offer air taxi urban travel at competitive prices.

Volocopter stated in November 2019 that the VC1, VC2, VC200 and 2X prototypes have collectively made over 1,000 test flights, including in Dubai and Singapore.

For more information on the other aircraft developed by Volocopter, please see the following aircraft pages:

Volocopter Characteristics (updated April 2017):

Specification 2X
Fuselage length 10.5 ft 3.2 m
Overall height 7 ft 2.15 m
Tip-to-tip distance 30 ft 9.15 m
Empty weight 640 lb 290 kg
Max gross takeoff wt 990 lb 450 kg
Useful load 350 lb 160 kg
Cruise speed 55 kt 100 km/h
Propulsors 18 propellers
Motor type 3-phase PM synchronous motor, brushless DC electric motor (BLDC)
Power type electric/batteries
Passenger capacity 2
First Flight (unmanned) September 2017
First Flight (manned) January 2018


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