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Airbus Acubed Vahana Beta (concept design)

Airbus Acubed Vahana Beta passenger eVTOL concept design aircraft


Vahana Beta (concept design)
Airbus Acubed
San Jose, California, USA

The Airbus A3 Vahana project started in 2015 in a Silicon Valley (Northern California, USA) in a innovation center of Airbus to develop an electric vertical takeoff and landing (eVTOL) aircraft for people to replace cars and train travel for short-range advanced air mobility (AAM), formerly called urban air mobility (UAM). The team consisted of 100 personnel, over 130 test flights A3 is pronounced A-cubed and Vahana means vehicle in Sanskrit. The A3 project ended in December 2019.

Airbus SE was founded on December 18, 1970 as is headquartered in Leiden, Netherlands, with offices and manufacturing facilities throughout Europe. Airbus SE is Europe's largest aerospace company and a 2019 article shows that Airbus is the largest aerospace company, in terms of revenue, in the world. Annual revenue for 2021 for the company was €52.15 billion and the company employs over 126,000 people. The business units for the company are in commercial aircraft, helicopters, defense and space. Airbus is a largest airliner manufacturer in the world and has has the highest sales in revenue for helicopters and turbine deliverers in the world.

A³ Vahana Beta two passenger eVTOL concept design aircraft
The Airbus A³ Vahana (pronounced “Acubed”) Beta is a two passenger eVTOL concept design aircraft and used for advanced air mobility (AAM). The aircraft has an expected cruise speed of 145 mph (230 km/h) and a predicted range of 60 m (100 km). The aircraft has an estimated cruise altitude of 10,000 ft (3,048 m) and has an anticipated maximum payload 450 lb (200 kg). The aircraft has eight propellers and has eight electric motors and is powered by batteries. The aircraft has canard wings and has fixed skid landing gear. The aircraft will be made with carbon fiber composite for a high strength and low weight ratio.

Airbus A3 Vahana project successfully built and flight tested Vahana Alpha One (N301VX) and Vahana Alpha Two (N302VX) full-scale technology demonstrators. The two numbers were selected to reflect Airbus’s heritage of 300 series aircraft numbers coupled with a “V” for Vahana and “X” for experimental. The team also built a flying sub-scale demonstrator named Omega. The last flight of Vahana Alpha One took place on November 14th, 2019.

Beta  concept design, VTOL flight mode

Beta concept design, VTOL flight mode

Beta  stylized concept design rear view

Beta stylized concept design rear view

Beta concept design with specifications

Beta concept design with specifications


  • Aircraft type: eVTOL passenger concept design aircraft
  • Capacity: 2 passengers plus carry-on luggage
  • Cruise speed: 145 mph (230 km/h)
  • Range: 60 m (100 km)
  • Cruise altitude: 10,000 ft (3,048 m)
  • Maximum payload: 450 lb (200 kg)
  • Propellers: 8 propellers
  • Electric motors: 8 electric motors
  • Power source: Batteries
  • Fuselage: Carbon fiber composite
  • Window: Canopy over cockpit
  • Wings: Canard wings
  • Landing gear: Fixed skid landing gear
  • Safety features: Distributed Electric Propulsion (DEP), provides safety through redundancy for its passengers and/or cargo. DEP means having multiple propellers (or ducted fans) and motors on the aircraft so if one or more propellers (ducted fans) or motors fail, the other working propellers (or ducted fans) and motors can safely land the aircraft. There are also redundancies in the sub-systems of the aircraft.

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