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MACA Aviation & Aerospace 11

Eleven Formula 1 air racer


MACA Aviation & Aerospace
Aix en Provence, Région Sud, France

The company was founded in 2020 by former fighter pilot Thierry de Boisvilliers and former Airbus executive Michael Krollak in Aix-en-Provence, France but the idea to build a hybrid-electric Formula air racer was conceived in 2018. MACA Aviation & Aerospace goal is to create safe, fast and no emissions Formula 1 hybrid-electric vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) and all-electric VTOL multicopter racing aircraft. (The overall branding of the company is to be Carcopter.)

The company foresees air racing as an exciting and challenging proposition for all racing pilots. An added plus for both pilots and spectators, is the added feature of detect and avoid technology in all their aircraft, making air races as close to 100% accident free as possible. The company also uses dynamic and cognitive safety predictive maintenance technology. (In the aviation world, MACA stands for mid-air collision avoidance.)

The futuristic 11 hybrid-electric VTOL racing multicopter aircraft holds one pilot, has six electric propellers, six electric motors and the entire aircraft is powered by hydrogen fuel cells. The 11 is predicted to have a top speed of 246 km/h (153 mph), has semi-automatic piloting, is approximately 4.88 meters (16 feet), weights approximately 454 kg (1,000 lb) and apparently lands on its stabilizers. The aircraft's design is sleek and modern, the pilot's compartment has a canopy window (just like in a fighter jet) and has two canard stabilizers at the front and rear of the aircraft. At the end of each stabilizer are small winglets.

By eliminating heavy and complicated engines, transmissions, drive shafts, exhaust systems, fluids, petroleum, gas tanks and wheels, the weight of the aircraft is at a minimum and complexity is greatly reduced. Using an all electric power source and multicopter controllers, allows the company to produce light weight, very safe, fast, highly maneuverable and exciting aircraft for Formula 1 air racing. Formula 1 car racing has a net-zero carbon goal by 2030; however, eVTOL Formula 1 air racing might beat their ground-bound vehicles to the finish line before 2030.

MACA Aviation & Aerospace sees Formula 1 air racing as an exciting and fun time for people around the world due to new eVTOL technology. The two main reasons the founders have become part of this new sport is to enjoy being among the first companies manufacturing eVTOL Formula 1 aircraft and at the same time allowing the Formula 1 air racing sport keep the Earth safe from carbon emissions.

The company has created a ⅓ subscale prototype that is about 2.5 meters (8.2 feet) long and is powered by batteries. It is unknown if it flew. The company foresees the first technology demonstrator flight by the end of 2021, government certification by the end of 2022 and plans on letting the races begin in 2023. Time will tell if the expected timeline for certification and racing flights will take place as foreseen by the company.


  • Aircraft type: Racing hybrid-electric VTOL Formula 1 air racing aircraft
  • Piloting: 1 pilot with semi-autonomous piloting
  • Maximum speed: 246 km/h (153 mph)
  • Range: 40 miles (64 km)
  • Flight Time: Unknown
  • Empty weight: 454 kg (1,000 lb)
  • Propellers: 6 propellers
  • Electric Motors: 6 electric motors
  • Power source: Hybrid-electric (hydrogen fuel cells)
  • Fuselage: Carbon fiber composite
  • Length: 4.88 meters (16 feet)
  • Windows: Canopy over cockpit
  • Wings: Front and rear canard-type wings with winglets
  • Landing gear: Lands on the bottom of the front and rear wings
  • Safety features: Distributed Electric Propulsion (DEP), provides safety through redundancy for its passengers and/or cargo. DEP means having multiple propellers (or ducted fans) and motors on the aircraft so if one or more propellers (ducted fans) or motors fail, the other working propellers (or ducted fans) and motors can safely land the aircraft.