e-volo VC100 (defunct)
Volocopter GmbH was founded in 2011 in Karlsruhe, Germany, by Alexander Zosel and Stephen Wolf with the intent of making an electric vertical takeoff and landing (eVTOL) multicopter aircraft for fast and efficient urban travel. On Oct. 21, 2011, the company made history by making the first crewed flight in the world of a multicopter, named the VC1. The multicopter was flown in southwest Germany by co-founder, primary designer, inventor and builder, Thomas Senkel. The Guinness Book of World Records has the historic flight listed on their website. The company was originally known as "e-volo GmbH" until being renamed to "Volocopter GmbH" in July 2017 and the company is now based in Bruchsal, Germany.
In 2015, Volocopter received the “Climate Champion COP21” award at the Paris Climate Conference (held 30 November - 11 December 2015) in Paris, France, for the Volocopter. Also in 2015, the company stated the Volocopter is being designed to be flown with the option of being piloted drone, remotely, or autonomously, for passenger aircraft. For cargo aircraft, the Volocopters are being designed to be flown remotely or autonomously. The Volocopter is simple, safe and green.
Volocopter's original plan at the time was to have one, two and four seat eVTOL aircraft passenger models. In addition, the airframes for each of the passenger models would also be used as a base designs, for three different sized cargo-only eVTOL aircraft models as well. In total, they planned six Volocopter models, three passenger models and three cargo-only models.
One of the passenger models was called the e-volo VC100, an eVTOL multicopter, and according to one online news article the VC100 was a prototype before the VC200 was created. However, to date, we don't think the VC100 ever was made into a subscale or full scale prototype. This 18 propeller concept design shed its pusher propeller for forward flight and all later Volocopter models (as of 2020) continue to have the skid landing gear, instead of wheeled landing gear.
One note. There is a animated video below, titled, "Mission Volocopter VC007" which Volocopter successfully used to convince their research and industrial partners of the vision of Volocopter at the start of their company in 2012. The concept shown in that video become a reality with the VC200 model. At the end of the video, it shows a single passenger Volocopter with a purple flotation device and a pusher propeller.
Several benefits of the VC100 concept aircraft:
- Easy to fly with a joystick
- Autonomous flying if one chooses, no pilot skills necessary
- Safe to fly
- Very efficient
- Simple and reliable
- Less failures than a petroleum powered aircraft
- Less maintenance costs
- Lower operational costs
- Affordable and almost maintenance-free
- Clean Aviation: No pollution, all electric
- Much quieter than a helicopter, makes for a more pleasant ride and doesn't disturb people on the ground
In addition, in 2016, Volocopter boasted more than 100 microprocessors and other sensors. These sensors allow the aircraft to automatically read and adjust its position and altitude during normal flight, correct for pilot errors, compensate for turbulence and achieve stable flight in windy and gusty conditions, land safely even in an emergency, and take over many of the more complex steps involved in when compared to flying a helicopter.
Furthermore, since there are many small propellers (and not several large rotorblades), the cost of production, maintenance and noise goes rapidly down. At the same time, this reduces the weight of the aircraft which also increases the efficiency of the aircraft. Example, the aircraft can fly longer on less power because it is a lighter aircraft. The other advantage of small propellers and electric motors is lower noise.
In the summer of 2012, the company was planning to make the VC400 production model for sale by 2015; however, this eVTOL concept design never made it to a prototype or production model, as far as we know. The multicopters can be used for UAM, recreation, farming, search and rescue operations, cargo, air taxi service and more.
For more information on Volocopter's production aircraft, please see the following aircraft pages:
- Aircraft type: eVTOL prototype
- Piloting: 1 pilot
- Propellers: 18
- Electric Motors: 18
- Flight time: Possibly 20 to 30 minutes
- Control mechanism: Motorcycle-type handle bars
- Cockpit: Open cockpit with no doors or side windows
- Windows: A very small short front windscreen
- Seating: Legs drop over the fuselage and both feet rest on foot rests, similar to riding a motorcycle
- Landing gear: Skid type landing gear
- Safety Features: Distributed Electric Propulsion (DEP), provides safety through redundancy for its passengers and/or cargo. DEP means having multiple propellers and motors on the aircraft so if one or more motors or propellers fail, the other working motors and propellers can safely land the aircraft. There is also an aircraft parachute. Has automatic altitude control, automatic gentle landing, crosswinds and turbulence is automatically compensated for. Redundancy has been built into the aircraft so if one critical system breaks, there are other same exact systems so the aircraft can continue flying and safely land.
- Volocopter website
- Volocopter Facebook
- Volocopter Twitter
- Volocopter YouTube
- Volocopter Wikipedia
- Video: Mission Volocopter VC007, Volocopter, Oct. 29, 2014
- Video: Mobility of the Volocopter - visualization of a vision during the SwissECS 2014, Volocopter, Oct. 30, 2014
- Article: Volocopter honored at the Paris Climate Summit, Repulni Jo, Dec. 14, 2015
- Article: Let The Flying Car Wars Begin, Fast Company, June 9, 2016
- Article: Volocopter: The Drone of the Future, Drone and Quadcopter, June 16, 2016
- Article: German Ultralight VTOL Innovations, eVTOL News, Sept. 1, 2016
- Article: Volocopter VC400 around the Golden Gate Bridge, Repulni Jo, Sept. 9, 2016
- Article: The Demand for On-Demand Mobility, eVTOL News, Jan. 1, 2017
- Article: DB Schenker invests as Volocopter extends Series C Round to € 87 million, Volocopter, Feb. 21, 2020